Technology

Cerion Energy is at the leading edge of the nanotechnology revolution. Our patented scientific breakthrough includes the process for the consistent production of very low cost, high yield, ultra-pure, and size-uniform 2.5 nanometer cerium dioxide particles. These metal doped nanoparticles are the active ingredient in the GO2 formulation.

 

Because of their size and composition, the particles play a dual role in the combustion process. The nanoparticles provide oxygen in fuel rich areas in the combustion chamber to more completely burn the fuel and reduce soot. The particles also shuttle oxygen for more uniform fuel/oxygen mixture on the order of 1 million times per combustion cycle. These processes enable more complete combustion and result in significant fuel savings and reduced emissions.

 

Cerion's Technical Points-of-Difference: Author: Dr. Kenneth Reed

 

1) Aqueous Precipitation – Of the many ways nanoparticles can be made, aqueous precipitation is the most challenging and yet the most versatile.  Cerion has spent years understanding the different variables that control reaction dynamics and perfecting the manufacturing process. Why is aqueous precipitation so advantageous?  The Answer:  Very high yields, short reaction times, low energy costs, versatile product composition and well-defined paths for scale-up from laboratory to production.

 

2) Material Phase - Cerion can make nanoparticles either in organic media or else in water and then shift them into an organic phase. The nanoparticles do not have to be isolated, dried and then re-dispersed.  This results in cost and timesavings as well as safe handling. Our yields are typically 75 percent, scalable from 1 liter to 1800 liters.

 

3) Size Control – Cerion is unique in that we can consistently make monodisperse ceria particles down to 1nm and, if desired, in the size range 1nm to 10nm, in scaled quantities.

 

4) Lattice Engineering - Cerion can replace up to 95 percent of the cerium ions in the cation sub-lattice with other transition metal ions from the periodic table and still retain a 2.5 nm crystalline cubic fluorite lattice. Lattice Engineering provides a 40 times enhancement in catalytic activity over the native lattice. The literature (both patent and scientific) teaches that this cannot be done down at this particle size.  We have proven otherwise.

 

5) Thermodynamics and Kinetics (i.e. High Reactivity) - most catalysts do not achieve 1,453 micromoles of O2 per gram of catalyst - the theoretical limit for CeO2.  The supported ceria catalyst in your automobile catalytic converter operates at < 800 micromoles of O2/gm and it does this with the most expensive and rare precious metals in the periodic table (platinum, ruthenium, rhodium etc.). Cerion has achieved over 4055 micromoles of O2 per gram without the use of precious metals. The kinetics or “reactivity” is 10 times that of similar ceria non-lattice engineered nanoparticles.

 

6) Environmentally Safe - Cerion has a patent application for the process for recycling and reusing most of the materials that we discharge (none of which are toxic). The particle production itself has a by-product, ammonium nitrate in water, which can be used as fertilizer for crops.

 

7) Technical Breadth and Synergy – substitution of the cerium sub-lattice at percentages greater than 60 percent but less than 95 percent gives Cerion the ability to produce 2.5 nm metal oxides of most of the transition metals in the periodic table.